Leg swelling caused by the retention of fluid in leg tissues is known as peripheral edema. It can be caused by a problem with the circulatory system, the lymphatic system or the kidneys. Leg swelling isn't always a sign of a heart or circulation problem. You may often experience swelling due to fluid buildup from being overweight, being inactive, after sitting or standing for a long time, or wearing tight stockings. Leg swelling can also be caused by inflammation in leg tissues.
Keep as cool as possible. Products and services. Disclaimer: As a service to our readers, Harvard Health Publishing provides access to our library of archived content. When to see a doctor about foot, leg, and ankle swelling. It can be caused by a problem with the circulatory system, the lymphatic system or the kidneys. Deep vein thrombosis DVT is a serious condition that occurs when a blood clot forms in a vein located deep inside your body.
Pink cum blonde. Check if you have oedema
Also, switching medications or even modifying a dosage can lead to swollen ankles. People with congestive heart failure or kidney disease may need to limit the amount of fluid they take in each day. Diseases with swollen ankles chronic illness — such as congestive heart failure or liver or kidney disease — can increase your risk of edema. Also, surgery can sometimes obstruct a lymph node, leading to swelling in an arm or leg, usually on just one side. Gavish is an award-winning freelance medical and health writer and editor with 15 years of experience. This includes a walk or light jog before engaging in vigorous physical activity. This swelling edema is the result of excess fluid in your tissues — often caused by congestive heart failure or blockage in Ass vid leg vein. There is a wide range of causes, so it is best to visit a doctor so he or she can determine the cause, diagnose any underlying health concerns, and identify the best course of treatment. These include:. You can also wear compression stockings to increase blood flow. When it pools in the Diseases with swollen ankles of the abdomen, one can feel bloated. A diuretic helps the kidneys flush out the extra fluid that are contained within the ankle tissues.
Back to Health A to Z.
- Excess of fluid accumulation in the feet causes swollen feet.
- Did you know that swollen ankles in the elderly are incredibly common?
- Are you suffering from an inflammation in the ankles?
- Swollen Ankles Symptom Checker.
Anyone can experience swollen feet from time to time. It's common — especially after walking or standing for long periods — and it's often remedied by resting and elevating those tired dogs. Sometimes, however, swelling also called edema is a red flag for a more serious underlying problem. When you are on your feet a lot, gravity pulls blood into the veins of your legs, and some of the water in the blood enters the tissues of your legs and feet, causing them to swell.
But there are also some conditions that can cause similar swelling because they affect the movement of fluids within the body. Venous insufficiency. Valves in the veins of our legs keep blood from being pulled down by gravity and pooling in the leg veins. As we age, those valves age, too, and may function less efficiently.
This is a common cause of swollen feet. This painful inflammation of the veins can cause swollen feet and also leg pain. Deep-vein thrombosis. In this condition, blood clots form in the deep veins of the legs. The clots block the return of blood from the legs to the heart, causing swelling of the legs and feet. This can be very serious if it is not diagnosed and treated promptly: the blood clots can break loose and travel in the blood to the lungs, causing a condition called pulmonary embolism.
This can cause breathlessness, pain with breathing, and even death. Usually, the clots occur in only one leg, and so just one leg is unusually swollen. While a new swelling of both legs and feet often is not serious, new swelling of just one leg is always something to bring to your doctor. Heart failure. A failing heart does not pump as effectively as it should. As a result, blood in the leg veins that should be pumped back to the heart instead pools in the veins.
Liver disease. Some liver diseases can lead to low blood levels of a protein called albumin, which is made in the liver. Low albumin levels cause fluid in the blood to pass into the tissues, producing swelling not only of the legs and feet but also other parts of the body, such as the hands and face.
Kidney disease. Fluid can build up in the tissues if disease makes it hard for the kidneys to get rid of excess fluid in the body one of the main functions of the kidneys. Sometimes, swelling in the feet is the first clue that you have heart failure or liver or kidney disease, and your doctor needs to consider those possibilities.
Your doctor will take a medical history and do a thorough physical examination that includes your heart and lungs. The doctor may order blood and urine tests, a chest x-ray, an electrocardiogram, or other tests. Sometimes swollen feet have causes that are not directly related to the flow of body fluids. For example:.
Bone and tendon conditions. Several problems with the bones and tendons in your feet also can cause swelling, although in contrast to the vascular causes they also typically cause pain. Examples include fractures, arthritis, and tendinitis. Problems with the skin and toenails. As we age, our skin thins.
That makes skin more vulnerable to cuts, which then can become infected, causing swelling of the area near the wound. A cut on the foot can cause the whole foot to swell. Ingrown toenails that dig into the skin also can lead to sores and swelling. Drug side effects. Some medications, such as calcium-channel blockers to treat high blood pressure, can also be the culprit.
A little foot swelling is probably nothing to worry about. If you get off your feet and prop them up on a footstool, the swelling should disappear over several hours. When should you call the doctor? Ioli advises. Finally, don't make your own diagnosis. With so many potential reasons for swelling, it's important to let your doctor drill down to the cause, prescribe the treatment you need, and help you get back on your feet as soon as possible.
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Harvard Health Letter. Perhaps you're just on your feet a lot, but the swelling also could signal a potentially serious condition. Published: November, E-mail Address. First Name Optional.
Once your body begins to retain fluid, the fluid settles in the lowest area of your body — your ankles. Top Symptoms: swollen ankle, swollen foot, joint stiffness, pain in one ankle, ankle stiffness. Foods That Reduce Inflammation. Also, surgery can sometimes obstruct a lymph node, leading to swelling in an arm or leg, usually on just one side. These special socks should be properly fitted for you and your needs. It would rapidly increase your weight if swelling is due to edema.
Diseases with swollen ankles. What Causes Swollen Ankles in the Elderly?
But sometimes there is too much acid, and it forms crystals in joints or connective tissues like the feet and ankles.
If you think gout may be behind your swollen ankles, try to cut back on your protein and alcohol consumption. Eating high-protein foods, especially seafood, can cause your body to make more uric acid. Cellulitis is a skin infection caused by bacteria. While typically treatable, cellulitis can be dangerous for people with weakened immune systems or diabetes.
The infection can be caused when bacteria enter the skin through a cut or insect bite. The legs, ankles, and feet are common places where cellulitis strikes, and symptoms often include swelling, redness, and pain.
If you suspect cellulitis is causing your swollen ankles, visit your doctor for treatment. Swollen feet and ankles are a side effect of hundreds of medications. The common types of medication that may be behind edema include:. Also, switching medications or even modifying a dosage can lead to swollen ankles.
If you think your medication is to blame, talk to your doctor before you stop taking it. Depending on the cause of your swollen ankles, a variety of treatment options are available.
If circulation is the root cause, you can raise your legs above your heart when lying down or sleeping. You can also wear compression stockings to increase blood flow. If lack of mobility is a concern, try incorporating exercises for your hips and legs, like standing hip extensions, ankle circles, and calf raises. Also be sure to move around on a daily basis. A good rule of thumb is to stand up for five minutes after every hour of sitting.
For those whose swollen ankles are caused by diet, try reducing your salt intake. It is also important to eat a diet rich in vitamins and minerals to ensure your body is receiving the nutrition it needs.
Eating a proper diet and exercising more will also help you maintain a healthy weight. One great way to prevent swollen ankles in the elderly is to drink plenty of water, since water is a natural diuretic. If you do not have gout, make sure you are getting enough protein and B vitamins in your diet. Also, try to avoid processed food and fast food, as these tend to be higher in sodium.
You can also massage your ankles when you first notice swelling. Swollen Ankles during pregnancy is quite common. Mild Swollen Ankles in pregnancy is normal as body fluids increase during maternity for the upkeep of both mother and child. Pre Menstrual Tension causes hormonal and other physical changes in the body.
It leads to many symptoms in women including ankle swelling. Hormone replacement therapy leads to retention of excess quantity of fluids in the body.
People undergoing HRT often have inflamed ankles because of this. Oral Contraceptive medicines give rise to side effects like ankle swelling due to the presence of high estrogen in them. Phlebitis is a condition characterized by an inflammation in the vein of the legs. This is also seen as a Swollen Ankles cause. Allergenic reactions in the body can also be a reason behind ankle swelling in patients. Food allergy is another cause behind this syndrome.
Drug usage may also be a reason behind this condition. Use of medicines like diuretics and laxatives is often seen to cause Swollen Ankles. This condition, marked by swollen veins, is held as one of the prime reasons behind this disease.
Increased body fat can also trigger this syndrome. Obese people are highly susceptible to this condition. Ankle Arthritis is often seen as a cause of this disorder. People suffering from traumatic ankle injury or rheumatoid arthritis are at great risk from this syndrome.
Arthritis is a common reason for the appearance of swollen ankles in elderly people. In some cases, wearing tight socks and stockings constrict the veins of the legs and feet. This causes swollen feet and ankles in many patients. The disease also affects people who stand or sit for long periods of time. Swollen Ankles from standing is very common. The diagnosis of the disorder depends on the condition that the physician suspects in the patient.
If the physician suspects a swelling in the ankle because of an injury, he or she may advise getting an X-ray done. The patient is asked about his lifestyle, dietary habits and any recent illnesses. The medical history of the patient is also taken into account for an effective treatment. How to treat a Swollen Ankle? The cure for Swollen Ankles normally includes treating the condition that actually caused it. A general physician usually prescribes a diuretic for Swollen Ankles treatment.
A diuretic helps the kidneys flush out the extra fluid that are contained within the ankle tissues. Doctors also normally advise several lifestyle modifications for Swollen Ankle treatment. These include. High salt intake can cause swollen ankles. If you are suffering from ankle swelling, it is better to avoid or limit intake of foods that have high salt content.
If drugs are responsible for this disorder, it is best to stop the medication. In some cases, doctors may prescribe some other medicine as an alternative. If you want to treat the disorder at home, you can try out these Swollen Ankles natural remedies:.
Elevating the ankle above the other body parts can be a good idea. You can do this while resting. This will help the fluids to retreat back into the upper parts of the body. Wearing loose fitting socks and stockings ensure smooth flow of bloods and fluids in the legs. If you feel wearing tight stockings have been the cause of your swollen ankles and legs, a lighter option might definitely help you. You should also ideally wear loose shoes for swollen feet and ankles. Wrap your affected ankle with a towel.
Apply ice over this. This is often found to be an effective way to reduce inflammation in patients. Applying heat over the inflamed ankle can also reduce the swelling. You can use a heating pad while taking rest.
Place a cucumber slice on your foot. Cover this with a bandage or cotton cloth. This will ensure fluid absorption and a faster recovery. Having tablespoon of lecithin seeds daily for about 3 months is very effective to treat this syndrome. It is found to be an effective Swollen Ankles cure. If obesity is the reason for swollen ankles exercise can bring down the weight and cure the condition.
If you are suffering from swollen ankles and not sure if you are really having this condition, you can check out these Swollen Ankle photos. These pictures of Swollen Ankles will help you know how the disease looks like. If you are having swollen ankles, it is best to get it treated as soon as possible.
As aforesaid, swelling in the ankles may be a symptom of complicated health conditions like heart disease, liver disease or kidney failure.
Hence, timely medical treatment of this disease is highly necessary so that you can get back to health very soon. Gavish is an award-winning freelance medical and health writer and editor with 15 years of experience.
Ankle Gout | Ankle Diseases
Foot, leg, and ankle swelling is also known as peripheral edema, which refers to an accumulation of fluid in these parts of the body. Swelling is often more apparent in the lower areas of the body because of gravity.
Foot, leg, and ankle swelling is most common in older adults. The swelling can occur on both sides of the body or on just one side. One or more areas in the lower body may be affected.
Swelling may sometimes indicate a more serious underlying health issue that needs to be treated right away. There are many potential causes of foot, leg, and ankle swelling. In most cases, swelling occurs as a result of certain lifestyle factors, such as:. These types of medications can reduce blood circulation by increasing the thickness of the blood, causing swelling in the legs.
Make sure to talk to your doctor if you suspect that your medication is causing swelling in your lower extremities. Other possible causes for foot, leg, and ankle swelling include certain medical conditions or body changes, such as:. There are several treatments you can try at home if your feet, legs, and ankles regularly swell up.
These remedies can help relieve swelling when it occurs:. Here are some general guidelines that can help you identify when swelling warrants a trip to the doctor or to the emergency room. You should go to the hospital immediately if you experience any of the following symptoms along with foot, leg, and ankle swelling:. During your appointment, your doctor will perform a physical examination and ask you about your symptoms. Be prepared to explain:.
To help diagnose the cause of the swelling, your doctor may order one or more of the following tests:. If your swelling is related to a lifestyle habit or a minor injury, your doctor will likely recommend home treatments.
If your swelling is the result of an underlying health condition, your doctor will first attempt to treat that specific condition. Swelling may be reduced with prescription medications, such as diuretics. However, there are some steps you can take to prevent it. Some good strategies include:. Swollen feet aren't usually cause for concern, but they could be a sign of another health condition.
Here's what might be causing the swelling. Painless, swollen feet is a common occurrence. It can happen for a variety of reasons. When fluid accumulates in tissues, it's called edema. Gout is often seen in the big toes, but it can affect any joint in your body, including your ankle.
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How this works. Common causes of foot, leg, and ankle swelling. Treating foot, leg, and ankle swelling at home. When to see a doctor about foot, leg, and ankle swelling. What to expect during your appointment. Preventing foot, leg, and ankle swelling. Managing Gout in Your Ankle. Ankle Ulcers: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments. Read this next. How to Fall Asleep in 10, 60, or Seconds.
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